Beautiful Jekyll

xscode Gem Version

Created by Dean Attali · Demo

Beautiful Jekyll is a ready-to-use template to help you create a beautiful website quickly. Perfect for personal sites, blogs, or simple project websites. Check out a demo of what you’ll get after just two minutes. You can also look at my personal website to see it in use, or see examples of websites other people created using this theme below.

If you enjoy this theme, please consider supporting me for developing and maintaining it for over 5 years.

  

Table of contents

Features

Check out the CHANGELOG to see the latest features.

  • SIMPLE: The primary goal of Beautiful Jekyll is to allow literally anyone to create a website in a few minutes.
  • Modern: Uses the latest best practices and technologies to achieve nearly perfect scores on Google Chrome’s Audit.
  • Mobile-first: Designed to look great on both large-screen and small-screen (mobile) devices.
  • Highly customizable: Many personalization settings such as changing the background colour/image, adding a logo.
  • Flexible usage: Use Beautiful Jekyll directly on GitHub or using a Ruby gem - choose the best development method for you.
  • Battle-tested: By using Beautiful Jekyll, you’ll be joining tens of thousands of users who used this theme since 2015.
  • Links to your social media: You can easily add links to any of your social media accounts in the footer of every page.
  • Comments support: Add comments to any page using either Disqus, Facebook comments, Utterances, or Staticman.
  • Share blog posts on social media: By default, all blog posts have buttons to allow people to share on Twitter/Facebook/LinkedIn.
  • Tags: Any blog post can be tagged with keywords, and an index page showing all the tags is automatically generated.
  • Tracking analytics: Easily integrate Google Analytics, or other analytics platforms, to track visits to your website.
  • Photos support: Any page can have a cover photo around its title, and any blog post can have an associated image.
  • More advanced features: I wrote a blog post describing some more advanced features that I used in my website that can be used in any beautiful-jekyll site.

Build your website in 3 steps

There’s a very easy way to use this theme, and there’s a hard way. For most people (including myself!), I suggest going the easy route. If you’re an advanced user and want to tinker with the hard way (using ruby gems), then skip the easy way if you know what you’re doing.

Getting started is literally as easy as 1-2-3 :smile:

Scroll down to see the steps involved, but here is a 40-second video just as a reference as you work through the steps. If you don’t already have a GitHub account, you’ll need to sign up.

Installation steps

1. Fork this project

Fork this project by clicking the Fork button at the top right corner of this page. Forking means that you now copied this entire project and all the files into your account.

2. Rename the project to <yourusername>.github.io

Click on Settings at the top (the cog icon) and on that page you’ll have an option to rename the project (repository name). This will create a website with the Beautiful Jekyll template that will be available at https://<yourusername>.github.io within a couple minutes. Check out the FAQ if you want to use a different project name.

3. Customize your website settings

Edit the _config.yml file to change any settings you want. To edit the file, click on it to view the file and then click on the pencil icon to edit it (watch the video tutorial above if you’re confused). The settings in the file are self-explanatory and I added comments inside the file to help you understand what each setting does. Any line that begins with a hashtag (#) is a comment, and the other lines are actual settings.

4. Congratulations! You have a website!

After you save your changes to the config file (by clicking on Commit changes as the video tutorial shows), your website should be ready in a minute or two at https://<yourusername>.github.io. Every time you make a change to any file, your website will get rebuilt and should be updated in about a minute or so. Your website will be initialized with several sample blog posts and a couple other pages.

Note that in the video above I only edited one setting in the _config.yml file. You should actually go through the rest of the settings as well. Don’t be lazy, go through all the settings :)

The hard way (using ruby gems)

If you followed the easy method above, then you already have your site and you can skip this section! If you want to install beautiful-jekyll using ruby gems instead, follow the advanced installation instructions.

Add your own content

To add pages to your site, you can either write a markdown file (.md) or you can write an HTML file. It’s much easier to write markdown than HTML, so I suggest you do that (here’s a great tutorial if you need to learn markdown in 5 minutes). You can look at some files on this demo site to get an idea of how to write markdown.

To look at existing files, click on any file that ends in .md, for example aboutme.md. On the next page you can see some nicely formatted text (there’s a word in bold, a link, a few bullet points), and if you click on the pencil icon to edit the file, you’ll see the markdown code that generated the pretty text. Very easy!

In contrast, look at tags.html. That’s how your write HTML - not as pretty. So stick with markdown if you don’t know HTML.

Any markdown or HTML file that you create will be available on your website under https://<yourusername>.github.io/<pagename>. For example, if you create a file about.md (or about.html) then it’ll exist at https://<yourusername>.github.io/about.

Files you create inside the _posts directory will be treated as blog entries. You can look at the existing files there to get an idea of how to write blog posts. Note the format of the blog post files - they must follow the naming convention of YEAR-MONTH-DAY-title.md. After you successfully add your own post, you can delete the existing files inside _posts to remove the sample posts, as those are just demo posts to help you learn.

Customizing parameters for each page

One last important thing: In order to have your new pages use this template and not just be plain HTML pages, you must add YAML front matter to the top of each page. This is where you’ll be able to give each page some extra parameters such as a title, a subtitle, or an image. Below is a list of all available parameters. If you don’t want to use any parameters on a page (this also means having no title), then use the empty YAML front matter:

---
---

If you do want to use any parameters, write them between these two lines. For example, you can have this at the top of a page:

---
title: Contact me
subtitle: Here you'll find all the ways to get in touch with me
---

You can look at the top of aboutme.md as an example.

Important takeaway: ALWAYS add the YAML front matter, which is two lines with three dashes, to EVERY page. If you have any parameters, they go between the two lines.

If you don’t include YAML then your file will not use this template.

Supported parameters

Below is a list of the parameters that Beautiful Jekyll supports (any of these can be added to the YAML front matter of any page). Remember to also look in the _config.yml file to see additional settings.

Main parameters

These are the basic YAML parameters that you are most likely to use on most pages.

Parameter Description
title Page or blog post title
subtitle Short description of page or blog post that goes under the title
tags List of tags to categorize the post. Separate the tags with commas and place them inside square brackets. Example: [personal, analysis, finance]
cover-img Include a large full-width image at the top of the page. You can either provide the path to a single image (eg. "/path/to/img") , or a list of images to cycle through (eg. ["/path/img1", "/path/img2"]). If you want to add a caption to an image, then the image should be provided as {"/path/to/img" : "Caption of image"}.
comments If you want do add comments to a specific page, use comments: true. Comments only work if you enable one of the comments providers (Facebook, disqus, staticman, utterances) in _config.yml file. Comments are automatically enabled on blog posts but not on other pages; to turn comments off for a specific post, use comments: false.

Less commonly used parameters

These are parameters that you may not use often, but can come in handy sometimes.

Parameter Description
readtime If you want a post to show how many minutes it will take to read it, use readtime: true.
show-avatar If you have an avatar configured in the _config.yml but you want to turn it off on a specific page, use show-avatar: false.
thumbnail-img For blog posts, if you want to add a thumbnail that’ll show up next to the post’s excerpt in the feed, use thumbnail-img: /path/to/image. If no thumbnail is provided, then cover-img will be used as the thumbnail. You can use thumbnail-img: "" to disable a thumbnail.
share-img The image to use when sharing the page to social media. If not provided, then cover-img or thumbnail-img will be used.
social-share By default, every blog post has buttons to share the page on social media. If you want to turn this feature off, use social-share: false.
nav-short By default, the navigation bar gets shorter after scrolling down the page. If you want the navigation bar to always be short on a certain page, use nav-short: true
gh-repo   If you want to show GitHub buttons at the top of a post, this sets the GitHub repo name (eg. daattali/beautiful-jekyll). You must also use the gh-badge parameter to specify what buttons to show.
gh-badge Select which GitHub buttons to display. Available options are: [star, watch, fork, follow]. You must also use the gh-repo parameter to specify the GitHub repo.
layout What type of page this is (default is post for blog posts and page for other pages). See Page types section below for more information.
description A brief description of the page (used in search engines and when the page is shared).

Advanced parameters

These are advanced parameters that are only useful for people who need very fine control over their website.

Parameter Description
footer-extra If you want to include extra information in the footer (below the social media icons), create an HTML file in the _includes/ folder (for example _includes/myinfo.html) and set footer-extra to the name of the file (for example footer-extra: myinfo.html)
head-extra Works in a similar way to footer-extra, but used if you have any HTML code that needs to be included in the <head> tag of the page.
language HTML language code to be set on the page’s <html> element.
use-site-title If you want to use the site title rather than the page title as the HTML document title, use use-site-title: true.
js List of local JavaScript files to include in the page (eg. /assets/js/mypage.js)
ext-js List of external JavaScript files to include in the page (eg. //cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/underscore.js/1.8.2/underscore-min.js). External JavaScript files that support Subresource Integrity (SRI) can be specified using the href and sri parameters eg.
href: "//code.jquery.com/jquery-3.1.1.min.js"
sri: "sha256-hVVnYaiADRTO2PzUGmuLJr8BLUSjGIZsDYGmIJLv2b8="
css List of local CSS files to include in the page
ext-css List of external CSS files to include in the page. External CSS files using SRI (see ext-js parameter) are also supported.

Page types

  • post - To write a blog post, add a markdown or HTML file in the _posts folder. As long as you give it YAML front matter (the two lines of three dashes), it will automatically be rendered like a blog post. Look at the existing blog post files to see examples of how to use YAML parameters in blog posts.
  • page - Any page outside the _posts folder that uses YAML front matter will have a very similar style to blog posts.
  • home - The home layout is meant to act as the homepage of your blog posts - it will display all your blog posts, sorted from newest to oldest. A file using the home layout must be named index.html (not index.md or anything else!).
  • minimal - If you want to create a page with minimal styling (ie. without the bulky navigation bar and footer), assign layout: minimal to the YAML front matter.
  • If you want to completely bypass the template engine and just write your own HTML page, simply omit the YAML front matter. Only do this if you know how to write HTML!

Showcased users (success stories!)

Beautiful Jekyll has been used in tens of thousands of websites since 2015. Here is a sample of some websites that use Beautiful Jekyll. If you’d like to showcase yourself and join this list, any level of sponsorship will grant you that perk!

Project/company websites

Website Description
repidemicsconsortium.org/ R Epidemics Consortium
vaccineimpact.org Vaccine Impact Modelling Consortium
derekogle.com/fishR Using R for Fisheries Analyses
joecks.github.io/clipboard-actions Clipboard Actions - an Android app
deanattali.com/shinyjs shinyjs - an R package
blabel.github.io Library for canonicalising blank node labels in RDF graphs
reactionic.github.io Create iOS and Android apps with React and Ionic
ja2-stracciatella.github.io Jagged Alliance 2 Stracciatella
ddocent.com RADSeq Bioinformatics and Beyond
guitarlessons.org Free online guitar lessons for all
terremotocentroitalia.info Information about the 2016 Italy earthquake

Personal websites

Website Who What
deanattali.com Dean Attali Creator of Beautiful Jekyll
ouzor.github.io Juuso Parkkinen Data scientist
derekogle.com Derek Ogle Professor of Mathematical Sciences and Natural Resources
melyanna.github.io Melyanna Shows off her nice art
chauff.github.io Claudia Hauff Professor at Delft University of Technology
kootenpv.github.io Pascal van Kooten Data analytics
sjackman.ca Shaun Jackman PhD candidate in bioinformatics
anudit.in Anudit Verma Engineering student
sharepointoscar.github.io Oscar Medina Independent Hacker
ocram85.com Marco Blessing A personal blog about PowerShell and automation
khanna.cc Harry Khanna Law and software

FAQ and support

If you need any help, I suggest heading over to the Jekyll support forum.

Beautiful Jekyll is actively used by thousands of people with wildly varying degrees of competency, so it’s impossible to answer all the questions that may arise. Below are answers to a few very common questions. Most questions that I get asked are not directly related to this theme, and instead are more general questions about Jekyll or web development. Many such questions can be answered by reading the Jekyll documentation or with Google.

If you really wany my personal help, please visit https://xscode.com/daattali/beautiful-jekyll to hire my services.

  • How do I add a favicon to my site?

    Easy! Just place a valid favicon.ico in the root directory of your project. And then wait! It can take a while to update.

  • How do I change the number of posts per page OR the colour of the navigation bar OR the image in the navigation bar OR …?

    Beautiful Jekyll is built to be very customizable, and as such, many questions about “how do I change …” can be answered by looking at the _config.yml file. The configuration file has many adjustable parameters to customize your site.

  • What if I want to use a custom domain for my site?

    GitHub lets you have your website for free using their github.io domain. If you want your own domain (such as https://myname.com), it’s easy and will cost about $10-$15 per year. First you need to buy a domain name (I recommend Namecheap) and then follow the instructions GitHub provides.

  • What if I want a free domain, but not https://<yourusername>.github.io?

    Every GitHub user can have one repository (repository = project) named <yourusername>.github.io and the website for that repository will be https://<yourusername>.github.io.

    If you want your project to be named something else, for example MyAwesomeProject, that’s no problem! All you have to do is go to Settings at the top right corner of the page, and rename your repository to MyAwesomeProject (remember to click on the Rename button to confirm!). Then you need to scroll down to the GitHub Pages section and choose “master branch” as the source (not “master branch /docs folder”!).

    Now your website will be at https://<yourusername>.github.io\MyAwesomeProject.

  • How do I move the blog to another page instead of having it on the home page?

    The default style of Beautiful Jekyll is to feature the blog feed on the front page. For some sites that’s not the ideal structure, and you may want to have a separate dedicated page for the blog posts. To have the blog hosted on a different URL (for example at <mysite.com>/blog), copy the index.html file into a folder with the same name as the desired page (for example, to blog/index.html), and in the _config.yml file you need to add a parameter paginate_path: "/<page name>/page:num/" (for example paginate_path: "/blog/page:num/").

  • What size do you recommend using for the cover-img photos?

    Unfortunately, this is a no-answer! There isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution to this, because every person will view your site on a different browser with different dimensions. Some browsers will have very wide aspect ratio, some will be narrower, some will be vertical (such as phones), different phones have different screens, etc. The image will always be centered, so the only tip I can give is that you should make sure the important part of the image is in the middle so that it’ll always show. Other than that, every browser will show a different clipping of the image.

  • How do I use math equations in my posts?

    MathJax can be easily integrated into your website with a one-line addition. You can see this discussion for more information.

Contributions

Thank you to all past contributors. If you find any problems or would like to contribute in any way, feel free to create a pull request/open an issue/send me a message. Any comments are welcome!

You can also contribute by becoming an official sponsor to help keep beautiful-jekyll well-maintained.

Credits

This template was not made entirely from scratch. I’d like to give special thanks to Jekyll Now and Bootstrap Clean Blog, from whom I’ve taken several ideas initially.

I’d also like to thank Dr. Jekyll’s Themes, Jekyll Themes, and another Jekyll Themes for featuring Beautiful Jekyll in their Jekyll theme directories.

Known limitations

  • If there are many navigation bar links and an avatar, some of the links may get partially hidden behind the avatar. I suggest either re-thinking the number of links, or not using an avatar.